This course caters, mainly, to engineers, technicians and facility managers who are not intimately familiar with electrical engineering principles and practices. Through this course, attendees are expected to learn basic principles of electricity in a simple, easy to understand, format. This course will enable attendees to accomplish straightforward and common calculations associated with voltage, current, power and power factor. Charts and tables, as alternate means for current, voltage and power estimation, will be presented. Practical examples of electrical applications, in industrial settings, will be covered. Electrical, equipment, components, devices and test instrumentation will be discussed. Important concepts in electrical safety will be introduced.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The objective of the workshop is to provide practicing non-electrical engineer with additional insight and tools/ understanding that will certainly help to make better and more technically sound decisions when working alongside other engineers.

The workshop will not only help the attendees to establish fundamental concepts applicable to power systems but also help them to learn how to work with their local electric utility on power quality and power cost issues. They will be able to compare practices in their home with similar practices in the United States.

This workshop will have a session on problem solving practice for AC circuit analysis, non-linear and active circuit elements. It aims to help delegates develop their analytical skills in solving fundamental electrical engineering problems.

After attending this workshop, the attendees will have a more firm technical foundation in electrical power system fundamentals and will definitely feel more confident at their workplace

**1- Basic Concepts**

An atom

The Bohr model of an atom

The two simplest atoms

Atomic number

Electron shells

Valence

Ionization

Conductors

Conductor structure

Insulators

Energy diagrams

Semiconductors

Covalent bond

Bonding diagram

Electromotive force (emf)

Conductor with current flow

Current, voltage and power relationship

Simple electrical circuit

Open electrical circuit

Resistance and resistivity

Electrical power

Direct current

A battery

Types of batteries

Types of primary cells

Structure of a primary cell

Types of secondary cell

Charging a secondary cell

Alternating current (ac)

Generating sine emf

Magnitude of the induced emf

Speed of conductor

Sine wave

Generating sine emf in a loop

Period

A period of a sine wave

Frequency

A peak value

A peak-to-peak value

An average value

A root-mean-square value

Units and abbreviations

**2- Discrete Components**

Electrical resistance

Resistivity of the most common materials, used in electronics Resistor

Resistor circuit symbols

Resistor’s values

Resistor’s tolerance

Variable resistors

Potentiometer

Rheostats

A potentiometer, connected as a rheostat

Resistor’s power rating

Standard nominal values

Resistor’s colour coding

4-band resistor

5-band resistor

Combining resistors

Resistors in series

Resistors in parallel

Inductors

Current-carrying conductor

Inductors and their symbols

Inductive reactance

Inductors in series

Inductors in parallel

Inductors in series and in parallel

Capacitor

Capacitor in charge

Dielectric polarization

Charged capacitor

Capacitor’s values

Types of capacitors

Symbols for different types of capacitors

Color coding for capacitors

Capacity reactance

Capacitors in series

Capacitors in parallel

Capacitors in series and in parallel

Impedance

A resistor, a capacitor and an inductor, connected in series

Impedance in a series LRC circuit

Impedance in a parallel LRC circuit

Transformer

Turns ratio

Transformer circuit symbol

Transformers’ applications

Diode

Forward and reverse bias of a diode

Characteristics of a diode

Current-versus-voltage characteristics of a diode

Half-wave rectifier

Full-wave bridge rectifier

**3- Basic Concepts Of Circuits**

Ohm’s law

Experimental setting for Ohm’s law

An easy way to remember Ohm’s law

Kirchhoff’s current law

Kirchhoff’s voltage law

5- Review Of Some Important concepts

Electrical Sources

Basic electrical parameters

Ohm’s Law

Power in electrical systems

Energy

Voltage regulation

AC phase relationship

3-Phase configurations

Delta configuration

Star configuration

Voltage and current relationship

Power in 3-phase systems

Measurement of power

Transformers

Function

Principle of operation

Transformer equations

Laws governing transformer action

Faraday’s law

EMF equations

Ideal transformer

Types based on construction

Types based on cooling

Application based types

Points to note

Connections of 3-phase transformers

Delta/Star transformer

Neutral point

Star/Star connection

Possible 3-phase connections

Delta/Delta connection

Delta/Star connection

Star/Star connection

Star/Delta connection

Voltage and current relations

Tests on transformers

Discuss

**6- Compensation**

Power Flow

Series Capacitance

Effect of Series Capacitance

Question

Shunt Capacitance

Power capacitors

Shunt Reactor

Static VAR compensators

Power Factor Correction

Industrial Loads

**7- Power Cables**

PILC cable

Elastomeric cable

Aerial bundled conductor (ABC)

PVC outer covering

Cable selection criteria

Low Voltage Distribution

Medium Voltage Application

Load to be supplied

Environmental Conditions

Voltage Drop

**8- Electrical Standards Circuit breakers, switches and switchboards**

Topics

What is Switchgear?

Switches

Circuit breakers

Circuit breaker (CB) types

Air Circuit Breakers (ACB)

ACB Tripping Characteristic

Oil circuit breakers

SF6 circuit breakers

Vacuum circuit breaker (VCB)

Motor circuit breakers

Motor protection

Switchboard

**9- Introduction to Power Distribution**

Historical overview

AC vs DC power transmission

Types of generators

Interconnected power grid

MV and LV distribution system

Supply standards

Voltage levels

Engineers, technicians and facility managers who are not intimately familiar with electrical engineering principles and practices.

Trainees shall receive a portfolio containing a comprehensive course manual.

Attendees shall receive a certificate of attendance from AMAD Tech.