Electrical engineering courses

ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS QUALITY & TROUBLESHOOTING

Ref No: 2015041

COURSE DESCRIPTION

The rapidly increasing installation of electronic equipment such as digital controls, computers and sensitive process control equipment has increased the susceptibility of utility end-users to supply disturbances. In addition, the application of power electronic equipment with its higher energy efficiency and more effective control features has in turn often increased the level of disturbances that might affect end-user equipment. 

Both electric utilities and end users of electric power are becoming increasingly concerned about the quality of electric power. The term power quality has become one of the most prolific buzzwords in the power industry especially in the second half of the 1990s. It is an umbrella concept for a multitude of individual types of power system disturbances. The issues that fall under this umbrella are not necessarily new. What is new is that engineers are now attempting to deal with these issues using a system approach rather than handling them as individual problems.

This course is designed to provide participants with a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of the causes of power quality problems and how to prevent them. It discusses every essential aspect of basic power quality and methods used to protect electronic systems. This course will cover all power quality problems including voltage sags, harmonics, transients and light flicker. Delegates will learn analysis fundamentals, instrumentation techniques and methods of improving power quality by both network and plant modifications. Delegates will review the causes of various types of power quality problems in commercial and industrial environments. The effect of these problems on power system components and end-user equipment will also be addressed. Commercially available tools for identifying these problems will be discussed and demonstrated as well as how to interpret their results. Further, delegates will evaluate ground connections and solve many common grounding problems.


COURSE OBJECTIVES
Upon the successful completion of this course, participants will be able to know:-
How to protect against voltage sags and interruptions
The principles of harmonics and filtering
Common wiring and grounding problems, along with solutions
Transient overvoltages due to lightning and switching
The technical impact of problems on various load equipment
Utility and end-user strategies for improved power qualities

Training Methodology
This interactive course includes the following training methodologies as a percentage of total tuition hours:-
50% Lectures
20% Workshops, Group Work & Practical Exercises
30% Videos, Software & Case Studies

Welcome & Introduction
Introduction, Terms and Definitions
What is Power Quality?
Power Quality = Voltage Quality
Why Are We Concerned about Power Quality?
The Power Quality Evaluation Procedure
Need for a Consistent Vocabulary
General Classes of Power Quality Problems
Transients
Impulsive Transient
Oscillatory Transient
Long-Duration Voltage Variations
Overvoltage
Undervoltage
Sustained Interruptions

Introduction, Terms and Definitions (cont’d)
Short-Duration Voltage Variations
Interruption
Sags (Dips)
Swells
Voltage Imbalance
Waveform Distortion
Voltage Fluctuation
Power Frequency Variations
Power Quality Terms
Ambiguous Terms
CBEMA and ITI Curves

Voltage Sags and Interruptions
Sources of Sags and Interruptions
Estimating Voltage Sag Performance
Area of Vulnerability
Equipment Sensitivity to Voltage Saga
Transmission System Sag Performance Evaluation
Utility Distribution System Sag Performance Evaluation
Fundamental Principles of Protection
Solutions at the End-User Level
Ferroresonant Transformers
Magnetic Synthesizers
Active Series Compensators
On-Line UPS
Standby UPS
Hybrid UPS
Motor-Generator Sets
Flywheel Energy Storage Systems
Superconducting  Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Devices
Static Transfer Switches and Fast Transfer Switches

Voltage Sags and Interruptions (cont’d)
Evaluating the Economics of Different Ride-Through Alternatives
Estimating the Costs for the Voltage Sag Events
Characterizing the Cost and Effectiveness for Solution Alternatives
Performing Comparative Economic Analysis
Motor Starting Sags
Motor-Starting Methods
Estimating the Sag Severity during Full-Voltage Starting
Utility System Fault-Clearing Issues
Overcurrent Coordination Principles
Fuses
Reclosing
Fuse Saving
Reliability
Impact of Eliminating Fuse Saving
Increased Sectionalizing
Midline or Tap Reclosers
Instantaneous Reclosing
Single-Phase Tripping
Current-Limiting Fuses
Adaptive Relaying
Ignoring Third-Harmonic Currents
Utility Fault Prevention
Fault Locating
Transient Overvoltages
Sources of Transient Overvoltages
Capacitor Switching
Magnification of Capacitor-Switching Transients
Ligthning
Ferroresonance
Other Switching Transients
Principles of Overvoltage Protection
Devices for Overvoltage Protection
Surge Arresters and Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors
Isolation Transformers
Low-Pass Filters
Low-Impedance Power Conditioners
Utility Surge Arresters
Utility Capacitor-Switching Transients
Switching Times
Preinsertion Resistors
Synchronous Closing
Capacitor Location
Transient Overvoltages (cont’d)
Utility System Lightning Protection
Shielding
Line Arresters
Low-Side Surges
Cable Protection
Scout Arrester Scheme
Managing Ferroresonance
Switching Transient Problems with Loads
Nuisance Tripping of ASDs
Transients from Load Switching
Transformer Energizing
Computer Tools for Transients Analysis

Fundamentals of Harmonics
Harmonics Distortion
Voltage versus Current Distortion
Harmonics versus Transients
Power System Quantities under Nonsinusoidal Conditions
Active, Reactive, and Apparent Power
Power Factor: Displacement and True
Harmonic Phase Sequences
Triplen Harmonics

Fundamentals of Harmonics (cont’d)
Harmonic Indices
Total Harmonic Distortion
Total Demand Distortion
Harmonic Sources from Commercial Loads
Single-Phase Power Supplies
Fluorescent Lighting
Adjustable-Speed Drives for HVAC and Elevators
Harmonic Sources from Industrial Loads
Three-Phase Power Converters
Arcing Devices
Saturable Devices

Fundamentals of Harmonics (cont’d)
Locating Harmonic Sources
System Response Characteristics
System Impedance
Capacitor Impedance
Parallel Resonance
Series Resonance
Effects of Resistance and Resistive Load
Effects of Harmonic Distortion
Impact on Capacitors
Impact on Transformers
Impact on Motors
Impact on Telecommunications
Impact on Energy and Demand Metering
Interharmonics
0730 - 0930 Applied Harmonics
Harmonic Distortion Evaluations
Concept of Point of Common Coupling
Harmonic Evaluations on the Utility System
Harmonic Evaluation for End-User Facilities
Principles for Controlling Harmonics
Reducing Harmonic Currents in Loads
Filtering
Modifying the System Frequency Response
Where to Control Harmonics
On Utility Distribution Feeders
In End-User Facilities
Harmonic Studies
Harmonic Study Procedure
Developing a System Model
Modeling Harmonic Sources
Computer Tools for Harmonic Analysis
Harmonic Analysis by Computer - Historical Perspective
0930 - 0945 Break
0945 - 1100 Applied Harmonics (cont’d)
Devices for Controlling Harmonic Distortion
In-Line Reactors or Chokes
Zigzag Transformers
Passive Filters
Active Filters
Harmonic Filter Design: A Case Study
Case Studies
Evaluation of Neutral Loading and Transformer Derating
Interharmonics Caused by Induction Furnaces
Standards on Harmonics
IEEE Standard 519-1992
Overview of IEC Standards on Harmonics
IEC 61000-2-2
IEC 61000-3-2 and IEC 61000-3-4
IEC 61000-3-6
NRS 048-02
EN 50160
1100 - 1115 Break
1115 - 1245 Long Duration Voltage Variations 
Principles of Regulating the Voltage 
Devices for Voltage Regulation
Utility Step-Voltage Regulators
Ferroresonant Transformers
Electronic Tap-Switching Regulators
Magnetic Synthesizers
On-Line UPS Systems
Motor-Generator Sets
Static Var Compensators
Utility Voltage Regulator Application
Line Drop Compensator
Regulators in Series
Capacitors for Voltage Regulation
Shunt Capacitors
Series Capacitors
1245 - 1300 Break
1300 - 1400 Long Duration Voltage Variations (cont’d)
End-User Capacitor Application
Location for Power Factor Correction Capacitors
Voltage Rise
Reduction in Power System Losses
Reduction in Line Current
Displacement Power Factor versus True Power Factor
Selecting the Amount of Capacitance
Regulating Utility Voltage with Distributed Resources
Flicker
Sources of Flicker
Mitigation Techniques
Quantifying Flicker
1400 - 1500 Lunch & End of Day Three
 
Day 4 : 
0730 - 0930 Power Quality Benchmarking
Introduction
Benchmarking Process
RMS Voltage Variation Indices
Characterizing RMS Variation Events
RMS Variation PerformanceIndices
SARFI for the EPRI DPQ Project
Example Index Computation Procedure
Utility Applications
Harmonics Indices
Sampling Techniques
Characterization of Three-Phase Harmonic Voltage Measurements
Definition of Harmonic Indices
Harmonic Benchmark Data
Seasonal Effects
Power Quality Benchmarking (cont’d)
Power Quality Contracts
RMS Variations Agreements
Harmonics Agreements
Example Contract
Power Quality Insurance
Overview of Power Quality Insurance Concept
Designing an Insurance Policy
Adjusting  for PQ Investment Costs
Power Quality State Estimation
General Approach
Number of Monitors
Estimating RMS Variations
Simulation Engine Requirements
Including Power Quality in Distribution Planning
Planning Process
Risk versus Expected Value
System Simulation Tools
Fault Incidence Rates
Overcurrent Device Response
Customer Damage Costs

Distributed Generation and Power Quality
Resurgence of DG
Perspectives on DG benefits
Perspectives on Interconnection
DG Technologies
Reciprocation Engine Genst
Combustion (Gas) Turbines
Fuel Cells
Wind Turbines
Photovoltaic Systems
Interface to the Utility System
Synchronous Machines
Asynchronous (Induction) Machines
Electronic Power Inverters
Power Quality Issues
Sustained Interruptions 
Voltage Regulation
Harmonics
Voltage Sags
Break
Distributed Generation and Power Quality (cont’d)
Operating Conflicts
Utility Fault-Clearing Requirements 
Reclosing
Interference with Relaying
Voltage Regulation Issues
Harmonics
Islanding
Ferroresonance
Shunt Capacitor Interaction
Transformer Connections
DG on Low-Voltage Distribution Networks
Fundamentals of Network Operation
Summary of Network Interconnection Issues
Integration Techniques for DG on Networks
Siting DG
Interconnection Standards
Industry Standards Efforts
Interconnection Requirements
A Simple Interconnection
A Complex Interconnection
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Power Quality Measurement Equipment
Types of instruments
Wiring and Grounding Testers
Multimeters
Digital Cameras
Oscilloscopes
Disturbance Analyzers
Spectrum Analyzers and Harmonic Analyzers
Combination Disturbance and Harmonic Analyzers
Flicker Meters
Smart Power Quality Monitors
Transducer Requirements
Break
Power Quality Monitoring (cont’d)
Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data
Off-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
On-Line Power Quality Data Assessment
Application of Intelligent Systems
Basic Design of an Expert System for Monitoring Applications
Example Applications of Expert Systems
Future Applications
Power Quality Monitoring and the Internet
Summary and Future Direction
Power Quality Monitoring Standards
IEEE 1159: Guide for Power Quality Monitoring
IEC 61000-4-30: Testing and Measurement Techniques--Power Quality Measurement Methods
Wiring and Grounding 
Resources
Definitions
Reasons for Grounding
Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems
Problems with Conductors and Connectors
Missing Safety Ground
Multiple Neutral-to-Ground Connections
Ungrounded Equipment
Additional Ground Rods
Ground Loops
Insufficient Neutral Conductor
Break
Wiring and Grounding (cont’d)
Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems
Proper Grounding Practices
Ground Electrode (Rod)
Service Entrance Connections
Panel Board
Isolated Ground
Separately Derived Systems
Grounding Techniques for Signal Reference
More on Grounding for Sensitive Equipment
Summary of Wiring and Grounding Solutions
Break
Power Quality Monitoring
Monitoring Considerations
Monitoring as Part of a Facility Site Survey
Determining What to Monitor
Choosing Monitoring Locations
Options for Permanent Power Quality Monitoring Equipment
Disturbance Monitor Connections
Setting Monitor Thresholds
Quantities and Duration to Measure
Finding the Source of a Disturbance
Historical Perspective of Power Quality Monitoring

Managers, electrical engineers, utility specialists and senior electrical technical staff who wish to advise end-users on power quality concerns, or who service large end-users or who wish to understand aspects of network design, construction and maintenance techniques for maximising quality of supply. Personnel working in all areas of power system design who wish to know how the system interacts with the end-user will also gain from this course.

Trainees shall receive a portfolio containing a comprehensive course manual.

Attendees shall receive a certificate of attendance from AMAD Tech.