Electrical engineering courses

POWER GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION

Ref No: 2015058

INTRODUCTION

Modern Electric Power System has moved away from its regulated roots and is rushing headlong toward freewheeling competition, spurring more creative uses of energy and unprecedented advancements in plant efficiencies. Environmentalism has rushed forward too, ensuring that no power-generation technology is unscathed by demands for lower emissions and ecological impacts.  Also over the past decade, computer capability has skyrocketed in effectiveness and plummeted in cost, launching a mass invasion of control rooms by digital instrumentation.  Changes such as these make today’s powerplant a more diverse and more complex mix of technologies than ever before.
This course is designed to provide a good coverage of the generation and transmission of electric power and energy as well as the modeling, analysis, planning, design, monitoring and control of modern electric power systems. It will provide a contemporary overview of this far-reaching field as well as bringing together the core of knowledge from all of the many topics encompassed by the field. The course is intended to give participants a working knowledge of the modern electric power systems operations from generation to transmission.
 

CHAPTER 1: GENERATION OF POWER AND GENERATING PLANTS
1- INTRODUCTION
2- ADVANTAGES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
3- SOURCES OF ENERGY
4- GENERATION OF ELECTRICAL POWER
5- CONVENTIONAL POWER PLANTS
6- STEAM POWER PLANTS
7- HYDROELECTRIC (HYDEL) PLANTS
8- NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
9- DIESEL POWER PLANTS
10- COMPARISON OF VARIOUS POWER PLANTS
11- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 2: SUPPLY SYSTEMS
1- INTRODUCTION
2- GENERATION, TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
3- IMPORTANT POINTS
4- STAR DELTA CONNECTIONS
5- COMPARISON BETWEEN A.C. AND D.C. SYSTEMS OF TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
6- COMPARISON BETWEEN OVERHEAD AND UNDERGROUND SYSTEMS OF TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
7- HIGH VOLTAGE (H.V.) D.C. TRANSMISSION
8-  ADVANTAGES OF H.V.D.C. TRANSMISSION
9- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 3: TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
1- INTRODUCTION
2- ADVANTAGES OF TRANSMISSION AT HIGH VOLTAGE
3- LIMITATIONS OF HIGH TRANSMISSION VOLTAGES
4- ECONOMICAL TRANSMISSION VOLTAGE
5- ECONOMICAL SIZE OF CONDUCTOR - KELVIN'S LAW
6- LIMITATIONS OF KELVIN'S LAW
7- NUMERICALS
8- VARIOUS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
9- CALCULATION OF VOLUME OF COPPER REQUIRED FOR VARIOUS OVERHEAD SYSTEMS
10- CALCULATION OF VOLUME OF COPPER REQUIRED FOR VARIOUS UNDERGROUND SYSTEMS OF TRANSMISSION
11- COMPARISON OF VOLUMES OF COPPER
12- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 4: SUBSTATIONS
1- INTRODUCTION
2- SUBSTATION
3- CLASSIFICATION OF SUB-STATIONS (SS)
4- COMPARISON BETWEEN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR SUB-STATIONS
5- REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD SUB-STATION
6- EQUIPMENT OF A SUB-STATION
7- OTHER EQUIPMENT FOR A SUB-STATION
8- POLE-MOUNTED SUB-STATION
9- UNDERGROUND SUB-STATION
10- SYMBOLS FOR EQUIPMENT IN SUB-STATIONS
11- TERMINAL AND THROUGH SUB-STATIONS
12- KEY DIAGRAM OF 66/11 KV SUB-STATION
13- MINIMUM CLEARANCE FOR OUTDOOR A.C. SUBSTATION
14- EARTHING EQUIPMENT
15- NEUTRAL GROUNDING
16- METHODS OF NEUTRAL GROUNDING
17- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 5: SWITCHGEAR IN A NETWORK CONTEXT
1- INTRODUCTION
2- SWITCHGEAR
3- DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A FUSE AND A CIRCUIT BREAKER
4- COMPARISON BETWEEN SWITCH, ISOLATOR AND CIRCUIT BREAKER
5- COMPONENTS OF A SWITCH GEAR
6- BUS-BAR ARRANGEMENTS
7- RATINGS OF BUSBARS
8- SWITCHGEAR ACCOMMODATION
9- CLEARANCE OF BUSBARS
 10- LOCATION OF CURRENT TRANSFORMERS
11- SHORT-CIRCUIT
12- SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENTS
13- FAULTS IN A POWER SYSTEM
14- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 6: POWER SYSTEM FAULTS AND SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATIONS
1-INTRODUCTION
2- POWER SYSTEM FAULTS
3- EVOLUTION OF PROTECTIVE RELAYS:
4- ZONES OF PROTECTION:
5- ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF PROTECTION:
6-INTRODUCTION TO SHORT CIRCUIT
7-DISTINCTION BETWEEN LOAD AND FAULT CURRENT2
8-SOURCES OF SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENTS
9-MACHINE REACTANCES DURING TRANSIENTS
10-FAULT TOPOLOGY
11-SYMMETRICAL AND ASYMMETRICAL CURRENTS
12- THREE PHASE SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENT CALCULATIONS, PROCEDURES AND METHODS

CHAPTER 7: SWITCHGEAR IN A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE
1- INTRODUCTION
2- CIRCUIT BREAKERS
3- ARC PHENOMENON
4- PRINCIPLES OF ARC EXTINCTION
5- METHODS OF ARC EXTINCTION
6- IMPORTANT TERMS
7- CLASSIFICATION OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS
8- OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
9- TYPES OF OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
10- PLAIN BREAK OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
11- ARC CONTROL OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
12- LOW OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
13- MAINTENANCE OF OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
14- AIR BLAST CIRCUIT BREAKERS
15- TYPES OF AIR-BLAST CIRCUIT BREAKERS
16- SULPHUR HEXAFLOURIDE (SFG) CIRCUIT BREAKERS
17- VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS (VCB)
18- CIRCUIT BREAKER COMPONENTS
19- PROBLEMS OF CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION
20- RESISTANCE SWITCHING
21- CIRCUIT BREAKER RATINGS
22- TYPES OF CIRCUIT BREAKER MOUNTINGS AND ENCLOSURES
23- TESTING OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS
24- EXAMPLES
25- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 8: TRANSFORMERS
1- PURPOSE
2- SCOPE
3- TYPES OF TRANSFORMERS
4- TRANSFORMER APPLICATIONS
5- MAGNETIC CIRCUIT
6- MAGNETIC AND ELECTRIC CIRCUITS OF A TRANSFORMER
7- WINDING, CURRENT AND VOLTAGE RATIOS
8- LAWS OF TRANSFORMER
9-PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF A TRANSFORMER
10- REFLECTED IMPEDANCE
11- TRANSFORMER EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT
12- TRANSFORMER LOSSES
13- EFFICIENCY
14- WHY IS TRANSFORMER EFFICIENY USUALLY HIGH?
15- REGULATION
16- TRANSFORMER'S VOLTAGE PER TURNS
17- SIGNIFICANCE OF VOLTS PER HERTZ
18- DO IT YOURSELF

CHAPTER 9: EARTHING
1- EARTHING PRINCIPLES
2- PROTECTIVE EARTHING EQUIPMENTS
3- SOIL RESISTIVITY
4- EARTH
5- GROUNDING ELECTRODES
6- EARTHING CONDUCTORS
7- EQUIPMENT GROUNDING
8- BONDING  
9- PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
10- METHODS FOR DECREASING EARTHING RESISTANCE
11- GROUND INSPECTION WELLS
12- SOFTWARE
13- GROUND RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS
14- PROTECTIVE GROUNDING OF POWER LINES

This course is suitable for electrical power generation, transmission, power-house, utility and distribution managers, electrical and mechanical engineers, superintendents, supervisors, foremen, technicians and those who are involved in the design, engineering, operation, maintenance and control of the electric power system or anyone interested in obtaining a working knowledge of the modern electric power system.

Trainees shall receive a portfolio containing a comprehensive course manual.

Attendees shall receive a certificate of attendance from AMAD Tech.